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 الافعال الاساسية في اللغة الانجليزية

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عدد الرسائل : 8
العمر : 24
الموقع : الطوبو المخزز
نقاط : 20
تاريخ التسجيل : 22/08/2008

مُساهمةموضوع: الافعال الاساسية في اللغة الانجليزية   الأحد أغسطس 30, 2009 7:33 am

Simple Past

Use
1) action finished in the past

I visited Berlin last week.

2) series of completed actions in the past


First I got up, then I had breakfast

3) The Simple Past interrupted an action which was in progress in the past.

They were playing cards when the telephone rang.


Signal words

yesterday, last week, a month ago, in 2002


Form

-with regular verbs: infinitive + -ed

-with irregular verbs: e.g ( bore, became, built...)


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Past Perfect *

Use
1) Together with the Simple Past

The lesson had started when we arriverd.

2) the past equivalent of the Present Perfect

He had played hockey.

Form
had + past participle

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* Past Progressive / Continuous

Use
1) actions were in progress at special time in the past

Peter was reading a book yesterday evening.

2) two actions were happening at the same time ( the actions do not influence each other )


Anne was writting a letter while Steve was reading the New York TImes.

3) together with the past simple

While we were sitting at the breakfast table, the telephone rang.

4) repeated actions irritating the speaker

Andrew was always coming in late.

Signal words
while,when

Form
to be ( was, were) + infinitive + -ing

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* Simple Present

Use
1) repeated actions

My friend often draws nice posters.

2) thing in general

The sun rises in the East.

3) fixed arrangements, scheduled events

The plane flies to London every Monday.

4) actions in the present - one follows after the other

First I get up, then I have breakfast.

5) instructions

Open your books at page 34.

6) after special verbs

I understand English.

Signal words

Every day, often, always, sometimes, never


Form
infinitive + -s

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* Present Perfect

Use
1) Result of an action in the past is important in the present


I have cleaned my room.

2) Recently completed actions

He has just played handball.

3) Actions beginning in the past and still continuing

We have lived in Canada since 1986.

4) together with lately, recently, yet

I have been to London recently.

Signal words

just, yet, never, already, ever, so far, up to now, recently, since, for

Form
have/has + past participle

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* Present Progressive / Present Continuous

Use
1) Actions beginning in the past and still continuing

I have been waiting for you for three hours.

2) Recently completed actions

She has been watching too many videos.

Signal words


all day, the whole day, since, for

Questions with how long

Form

have/has + been + infinitive + -ing


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* Will - Future

Use
1) Future actions happen without the speaker's intention

The sun will shine tomorrow.

2) Predictions, assumptions

I think Sue will arrive in Paris at 6 am.

3) Spontaneous actions

Hang on! I'll have a word with you.

Form

will + infinitive

Examples
Affirmative sentences:
He will play football.

Negative sentences:
He will not play football.

Questions:

Will he play football?


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Going-to - Future
Use

1) planned actions in the future


We are going to sing at the party.

2) You are certain that somthing is going to happen in the future

Look at this car! It is going to crash into the yellow one.

Form
to be (am,are,is) + going to + infinitive

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الافعال الاساسية في اللغة الانجليزية
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